摘 要：司马迁是我国历史上第一个在著作中专章谈论经济问题的人。从《史记·货殖列传》与《史记·平准书》中，可以读出司马迁在经济思想上的“一家之言”。辩证义利观基础上的朴素唯物主义经济思想体系，其主要特点是反传统，重要内容是“礼生于有而废于无”，主要的经济政策主张是“善者因之”。 其独特的经济伦理思想具有一定的历史进步性。
A Study on Sima Qian’s Economic Ethics and Its Progresiveness
(College of Humanities，Xi’an Technological University，Xi’an 710032，China)
Abstract：Sima Qian is the first in Chinese history to discuss economic issues in monographs in his works.In shiji： Biographies of Merchants and shiji： Essay on Price-balancing，we can read his economic thoughts.Sima Qian’s economic ideology which is based on native materialism reflects his own thoughts of economics，which are characterized by counter tradition.The main content is that ethics comes from prosperity and is destroyed by poverty. According to Sima Qian’s economic thoughts，wealth is the basis of social ethics，so the rules of ethics should conform to the human nature of persuing wealth.His unique economic ethics is，to a certain degree，historically progressive.
Key Words：Sima qian；Shi Ji；economic ethics；economic ideology......