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深海危情


□ Helen Scales in National Geographic

  人类对大鲨鱼的肆意捕杀破坏了整个海洋生态的平衡,造成海洋食物链一连串的反应……请尊重我们的自然,请保护地球的有限资源!
  
  Dramatic declines of large North Atlantic sharks due to overfishing have upset the balance of entire marine ecosystems, a new study shows. Now scallops1), clams2) and oysters are paying the price.
  Smaller sharks, skates3), and rays4) that are normally eaten by the large sharks have become so abundant that they are ravaging5) shellfish stocks, the researchers say.
  The shark declines, fed by growing worldwide demand for shark-fin soup, are indirectly causing some scallop fisheries to collapse entirely, the scientists add.
  
  Wholesale Declines
  
  A 2003 study by Julie Baum and fellow Dalhousie biologist Ransom Myers used fisheries?logbooks6)to track severe declines in large sharks since the 1980s.
  In the new research, Myers, Baum, and three other marine biologists compiled7) additional fisheries?records and independent research surveys going back to the 1970s to reveal that the original study underestimated the declines.
  “This time we saw some species declining by 99 percent and more,” said co-author Charles Peterson, a biologist at the University of North Carolina. ......
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